nVIDIA Driving Deep Learning to the Forefront – Literally

NVIDIALogoFor more than two decades, nVIDIA has been a relatively quite pioneer in Deep Learning and Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology supporting the the gaming industry and other related computer graphics markets.  However, “flying under the radar” may no longer be possible as nVIDIA is now  literally the platform driving “self driving cars.

In an article posted on IT Business Edge on February 22, 2016 by Rob Enderle, titled, “NVIDIA Doesn’t Yet Realize the Power of Its Digital Brain,” Mr. Enderle states, “Every once in a while, a company comes up with something that is more amazing than the firm actually realizes.”

Mr. Enderle is referring to nVIDIA’s nVIDIA DRIVE PX computer which is initially being applied to applied to self-driving cars but has potential application across variety of wide variety of markets that require near real time response to a massive number of sensory inputs in a manner similar to the way the human brain works.

I have spent my life in Enterprise Information Technology and most recently with eDiscovery, Information Governance, Big Data Analytics, IT Automation, Information Technolology Operational Analytic (ITOA), Machine Learning and now Deep Learning. And, although I am very intrigued with the application of nVIDIA’s Deep Learning / Brain-like platform to make all the split second decision required to drive a car or a plane, I am even more intrigued with the possibilities of using this technology to provide real time Enterprise Risk Analysis, Information Security Monitoring and other IT requirements that also have massive input data that needs to be analyzed and acted upon.

Following up on my many articles on Predictive Analytics and ITOA over the past several years, I am now also closely following Deep Learning as the next Big Thing in Big Data Analytics and Automation.

Send me your thoughts and any use cases and or article that you think might be pertinent to my initial investigations.

The full text Mr. Enderle’s article is as follows:

Every once in a while, a company comes up with something that is more amazing than the firm actually realizes. I think that was the case with the initial iPod. It was an almost hobby-like Apple product but eventually the market, and Apple, caught on that it could be so much more. Not only was the iPod critical to the firm’s turnaround, but it spawned the iPad and the iPhone (a product that nearly ensures Apple’s entire valuation today).

I think that is also the case with the NVIDIA DRIVE PXcomputer. Yes, it is being applied to self-driving cars initially. But it is a computer that can see, hear, evaluate, learn and respond instantly to a massive number of sensory inputs. It is really the first commercially available brain-like product.

This suggests that the applications that this very unique computer could be applied to are far broader than just self-driving cars. It could be applied to general robotics, large-scale smart buildings and even smart cities.

Let me explain.

DRIVE PX Specs

The DRIVE PX is a relatively small computer designed to handle a combined 2.3 Teraflops of data, blending 12 cameras, radar, lidar, and a variety of sensors into a data stream that can be applied to a decision matrix. This matrix is the result of deep learning methods that allow the computer to recognize different objects and respond appropriately to them. These objects cover virtually all vehicles, signs, lane markers, people, animals, other forms of transportation, weather, lighting and road anomalies (like potholes).

This product is built to use NVIDA DIGITS, a heavily researched set of algorithms designed to make a computer capable of making decisions in real time without human interaction. It is developed on a system that can handle 7 Teraflops of information and form the basis for training the DRIVE PX.

The result is a digital brain that can look 360 degrees at once across a variety of sensors and create a real-time emulation of the world around it, about which it can then make real-time decisions. And the 360-degree limit is only because that’s all a car really needs. In theory, it could also look over and under the car at the same time, as well as provide a global view of the vehicle.

So, basically, this is an all-seeing brain trained to be able to view and respond to anything the sensor can see around it, potentially in a full globe.

So what else could it be used for?

Military Defense

One of the most obvious uses would be military defense systems. The older Phalanx system in use for U.S. military ships has a small fraction of the processing power available to DRIVE PX and can only defend against a comparatively small arc of potential attack vectors. This has more recently been enhanced with a SeaRAM-blended system of guns and missiles, providing a more comprehensive defense solution.

Updating these systems with another purpose-built computer would be prohibitively expensive but that’s what makes a general-purpose product like the DRIVE PX attractive: It can be adapted to almost anything. One computer, or two if you wanted full redundancy, could cover a ship both above and below the waterline, with reaction times that a human couldn’t match. It could even include taking emergency control of the helm to safely avoid the threat. Since DRIVE PX is designed to network with other vehicles, it‘s already set up to coordinate with a battle group of ships, coordinating a response between a carrier and its destroyer escort far better and far more cheaply than deployed systems.

You’d end up with a result both better and far cheaper than is in use today, and it could be retrofitted relatively easily given its small size and teachable nature.

Smart Cities, Smart Buildings

The idea of integrating actual cameras into smart buildings and smart cities is hardly new, but doing it inexpensively has been very difficult. When you talk about being able to respond in real time to problems and threats having to do with people, facial recognition systems tend to be too slow and so unique that a human needs to be in the data chain to make decisions.

However, the DRIVE PX is designed to handle visual information expertly and react to it. Think of traffic lights that could recognize police or fire vehicles; systems that would automatically block traffic or shut down power in the face of related problems; security systems that could recognize someone that is authorized vs. an employee who isn’t supposed to be in an area or is doing something inappropriate and more effectively track movement across a city or through a building. These would be capabilities this system could adapt to easily.

Integrating security with building or city management systems has normally been problematic. But a system like DRIVE PX could be an ideal way of making this all real and would be far less expensive than the typical highly customized approach.

Wrapping Up: And Robots

The DRIVE PX can do a lot more than just make cars autonomous. Given that an autonomous car is basically a rolling robot, it seems like the next step is for DRIVE PX to be applied to construction equipment, public transportation, factory floors and, as noted, defense systems and integrated security smart city/building systems. For now, however, DRIVE PX is only focused on cars, which is why I think NVIDIA hasn’t yet realized just how powerful a digital brain tied to deep learning could actually be.

About Charles Skamser
Charles Skamser is an internationally recognized technology sales, marketing and product management leader with over 25 years of experience in Information Governance, eDiscovery, Machine Learning, Computer Assisted Analytics, Cloud Computing, Big Data Analytics, IT Automation and ITOA. Charles is the founder and Senior Analyst for eDiscovery Solutions Group, a global provider of information management consulting, market intelligence and advisory services specializing in information governance, eDiscovery, Big Data analytics and cloud computing solutions. Previously, Charles served in various executive roles with disruptive technology start ups and well known industry technology providers. Charles is a prolific author and a regular speaker on the technology that the Global 2000 require to manage the accelerating increase in Electronically Stored Information (ESI). Charles holds a BA in Political Science and Economics from Macalester College.